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Safety


Safety

A port's navigational safety policy underpins the Harbour Master's responsibility for the safety of navigation. The navigational safety policy, which should be approved by the highest level of management within a port, usually a board of directors, is a publicly available document which states what the board holds itself responsible for in respect of the safety of navigation within its area of jurisdiction.

The reputation of a port is dependent on its safety record and efficiency. Any damage to a port’s safety record may impact on its reputation and by extension, its trade.

The Harbour Master plays a key role in the development and implementation of a safety management system which manages the hazards and risks associated with port operations along with any preparations for emergencies. This should be operated effectively and revised periodically.

Some countries provide guidance to their ports on port safety. An example of this is the UK’s Port Marine Safety Code and its accompanying Good Practice Guide can be found here.

Port Safety

Safety Management and Risk Assessment

To achieve a safe port, a Harbour Master must identify the hazards which present in the port and then assess the risks associated with those hazards. The risks must then be managed down to an acceptable level usually identified as the ALARP (as low as reasonably practicable) principle. This is the underlying principle of risk assessment – a practice that will not only lead to a safer port but may also help to reduce insurance premiums, a commercial benefit to the port company. Thorough risk assessments can be used not only in the formulation of better operating procedures but also in the formulation of effective emergency plans.

Port By-laws

Navigational safety and care for the environment are governed by numerous international, national and local laws and regulations. Harbour Masters have to not only obey local by-laws but also enforce them. They may also be authorised to draft by-laws for their own ports. Port by-laws and admission policies set the conditions under which vessels may enter and leave the port and where they berth.

Rotterdam Port by-laws: https://www.portofrotterdam.com/en/files/rotterdam-port-management-bye-laws

Admission to Port

Harbour Masters rely on reliable and accurate information to inform decision-making concerning the entry and departure of commercial shipping. The geographical configurations of the port, prevailing weather conditions, port water depths, and the height and strength of the local tides are some of the factors that a Harbour Master considers. This information and other factors will inform a port's navigational safety policy and at operational level affect the decisions concerning the arrival and departure of shipping. Harbour masters specify their entry requirements in great detail. These include safest approaches to a port, pilot boarding ground and details of advance notifications to be given to the port prior to arrival.  

The arrival of a commercial vessel into a port is always a planned event. Notification of the vessel’s arrival sometimes begins weeks before the actual arrival. The vessel normally gives 72-48-24 hour notices to all the parties concerned and corrects the ETA (Estimated Time of Arrival) with every notice so as to be as close to their declared ETA as possible when arriving at a pilot station.

Pilot boarding and communication between the ship, pilot and port authority shipping control office or VTS are critical to the safe arrival of a ship as it proceeds to its intended berth.

Various agencies including the vessel’s designated Agents, the Harbour Master or his representative, the Pilot company, towage company and the stevedores working the vessel are involved with the arrival of a commercial ship into a port.

Points of notification are predesignated positions set by the Harbour Master when the vessel calls Marine Control on a pre-agreed VHF Channel and informs them of the vessel’s actual position. This information warns other vessels in the area of the incoming vessel’s progress and allows the Marine Controller or VTS to alert ancillary services, such as tugs and lines-boats.

Pilotage

The task of the pilot is to advise the ship’s master on passage through the port and its approaches. The pilot brings knowledge of the local maritime conditions and operational practices that have been gained through extensive experience of navigating ships in the restricted waters of the port and its approaches. Use of a pilot is compulsory in many territorial waters.

In most Member States legislation provides the possibility of some form of exemption from pilotage, either in the form of exemptions in the regulations for compulsory pilotage or by issuing Pilotage Exemption Certificates (PEC).

Tugs and Towage

Many ports deal with big ships in confined or restricted areas and in many cases the risk of contact (allision) with port infrastructure and the risk of grounding is managed by the use of tugs. The use of tugs may be compulsory in some ports for some ships and this is one of the decisions the Harbour Master will make when considering safety of navigation. The Harbour Master may also monitor the competence and qualifications of tug personnel and the performance of tug operations.

High-speed craft

High speed craft in port waters may pose potential risks to safe navigation, channel / bank erosion and danger to persons working under or around wharf structures. It may be necessary to manage the speed of high-speed craft in areas of risk. Engagement with high-speed craft associations will ensure that key risk areas are identified and managed appropriately. Use of AIS on commercial high-speed craft will allow monitoring by VTS / Port control.

Mooring Operations

Safe and efficient mooring processes are vital for ports and terminals. A ship breaking loose from its moorings is a hazard to other vessels and to port infrastructure. A drifting vessel may cause serious damage to cranes, cargo manifolds and fenders and injuries to staff ashore and afloat.

Appropriately trained shore-based berthing crews will work with ship crews to bring ropes or wires from the ship ashore and put them on the shore bollards by hand or with the use of winch trucks. This is a specialised activity involving significant safety issues.

IMO FAL.6/CIRC.11/Rev.1 GUIDELINES ON MINIMUM TRAINING AND EDUCATION FOR MOORING PERSONNEL

Lashing

Cargo needs to be lashed safely and effectively.  Lashing gangs may be dockworkers or authorised crew members (for instance on short sea RoRo (Roll-on/Roll-off) ferries). Deck cargo, containers and RoRo trailers on the weather deck are vulnerable because they can be hit by waves in bad weather and need special attention. For example, steel coils and other heavy cargo can shift during rolling and pitching when not properly stowed and lashed. When a ship arrives with a list due to shifted cargo, the harbour master is informed and will send a nautical expert on board to ensure that the ship will enter the port safely before providing a berth.

Latest News & Events

VIKING Life-Saving Equipment has been declared the winning bidder in a tender covering three offshore high-speed ambulance boats that will support emergency services in the Aegean Sea.

The international tender was concluded after a cooperation between the Hellenic Coast Guard and the Greek Emergency Response Organization (EKAB) in an initiative supported and financed by the European Union under the INTERREG V-A Cooperation Programme 2014-2020.

It is understood that all three ambulance boats are scheduled for delivery during the summer of 2020, to take up station operating from remote Greek islands in the Aegean.

The vessels will be fabricated using the successful VIKING Norsafe Munin S1200 design and will be equipped with twin-diesel stern-drive engines to achieve speeds of up to 40 knots, as well as cutting-edge navigation instruments.

It has been reported in Kenya that Kenya Ports Authority (KPA) intends to invest US$193 million to modernise four berths at the port of Mombasa. Our illustration here shows Mombasa’s second container terminal (www.africaports.co.za © ).

While the berths have not been identified it is understood that they currently handle containers and breakbulk general cargo.

Financing will come from commercial rated loans being offered by the European Investment Bank and French development agency AFD, according to Daniel Manduku, the managing director of the Kenya Ports Authority (KPA).

The port of Mombasa recently opened a new container terminal which is being operated by a division of the Italian shipping company, MSC. The port is the main gateway port for neighbouring landlocked countries in the East Africa region – Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, South Sudan, southern Ethiopia and parts of eastern DRC.

Role of Harbour Master/ Port Operations Professional
Security
Port Call Optimisation
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Vessel Traffic Services
Safety
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Emergency Management
Environment

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IHMA members can save 20% on their registration for Salvage & Wreck Removal conference, 4 – 5 December 2019, London.
The following information is provided by the conference organiser:

Kick off the festive season by attending the biggest salvage industry event of the year – Salvage & Wreck Removal conference (4 – 5 December 2019, London) – meet all the key industry stakeholders, and discuss legal and insurance issues, examine recent casualty operations and incidents, and focus on the future of salvage, new ways of working and emerging technology.

Use IHMA’s exclusive VIP code FKT3652IHMA at the checkout to save 20% on your place: http://bit.ly/36knRBO.

What’s on agenda

Casualty management case studies:

  • Hear how the ‘MSC Zoe’ incident was managed with Jason Bennett, Director EMEA, Ardent and Joram Bootsma, Project Manager, Deep BV
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Dealing with the risks of salvage in a war zone:

Find out how to effectively manage the risks in the Straits of Hormuz and other hot spots – presentations by Helene Peter-Davies, Partner, MFB Solicitors and Jim Scorer, Secretary General, International Federation of Shipmasters' Associations (IFSMA).

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Use of Quantitative Risk Assessment for assessing wreck removal with Sam Kendall-Marsden, Director of Claims, The Standard Club and Pieter Lageweg, Risk Engineer/Managing Director, CL Risk Solutions.

See the full agenda and speaker line-up to date: http://bit.ly/2N0Z9ir.

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Smart Ports Barcelona
Smart ports summit barcelona

19-20 November 2019 | Fira Barcelona Gran Via | Smart City Expo World Congress

Ports are having to react quickly to changes in the shipping supply chain. With lots of mergers and acquisitions in the container industry, and increased growth in the cruise sector, there is steep competition to attract vessels, particularly on popular trade and tourist routes.
In the current climate ports are in an arms race to optimise their offering, increase the number of vessels they can turn around through transparent, efficient systems, and provide facilities for mega ships.

This year Smart Ports Summit Barcelona will be launching at the Smart City World Expo between 19-20 November 2019. Run in collaboration with the Port of Barcelona, the conference will be a meeting point for the entire supply chain to address topics around optimisation of operations and long-term integration of technologies enhancing existing processes and networks.

View the full agenda: http://bit.ly/2InLyim

Join an unparalleled speaker faculty; consisting of major shipping companies, terminals, port authorities and associations to find out how digital ports are becoming a reality through collaboration.

  • Lionel Chatelet, VP IT Transformation - Managing Director, CMA CGM
  • Chantal Gouka, Digital Lead, Port of Rotterdam
  • Piet Opstaele, Innovation Lead, Port of Antwerp
  • Jordi Torrent, Strategy Manager, Port of Barcelona
  • Eduard de Visser, Director Strategy & Innovation, Port of Amsterdam
  • Iris Scheel, Head of Corporate Functions, Member of the Executive Board, Hamburg Port Authority
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  • Santiago Garcia-Mila, President, International Association of Ports and Harbours (IAPH)

Make sure you are involved with delivering the ports of the future. Secure your place at the Smart Ports Summit Barcelona today.

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Mary Ward House Conference & Exhibition Centre, London

IHMA is pleased to announce that Alex Mc Intosh, Marine Manager, Aberdeen Harbour Board, will represent the Association at the Women in Shipping Summit, 10-11 September 2019, London. Furthermore, there is a 20% discount available for IHMA members attending the Summit.
The following information is provided by the conference organiser:

Winds of change within the maritime industry have seen the women's movement improve shipping. The wave of equality may not be perfect, but through embracing the talent and value of women, the industry has become more innovative and more open to change. But understanding the challenges women face and acknowledging the value they can provide is only the start. Focused on topics from empowerment to action, the Women in Shipping Summit t is built around the unique challenges women face, acknowledging the value they provide and taking your next steps. Shaping thoughts, empowering leadership, and helping to progress your career.

The summit will feature a line-up of some of the most impressive names in shipping, both men and women who will tell the story of their journey through the industry to inspire and empower your personal career development plans. Speaker line-up includes:

  • Jaz O’Hara, Founder, The Worldwide Tribe
  • Magda Kopczynska, Director for Innovative and Sustainable Mobility, European Commission Directorate General for Mobility and Transport
  • Sue Probert, Chair, UN/CEFACT
  • Helen Buni, Principal Programme Assistant, Technical Cooperation Division, IMO
  • Katharina Stanzel, Managing Director, INTERTANKO
  • Karin Orsel, CEO/Co-Chair, MF Shipping Group/Dutch Ship Owners Association
  • Karin Orsel, CEO/Co-Chair, MF Shipping Group/Dutch Ship Owners Association

VIEW FULL SPEAKER LINE-UP

Key themes include:

  • Challenging unconscious bias in day-to-day interactions: Are we glorifying aggressiveness?
  • Maternity, return to work and working arrangements
  • Finding your executive voice
  • What women bring to the table: fight-or-flight vs tend-and-befriend
  • Addressing women's health - advancements and resources
  • Why men [should] promote women in shipping
  • Attracting talent: Analysing our call to arms
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Novotel Clarke Quay, Singapore
smart ports summit asia

There is a 20% discount available for IHMA members attending the Smart Ports Summit Asia, 17 September 2019, Singapore.

The following information is provided by the conference organiser:

How should ports leverage opportunities for development to ensure effective and sustainable results?

Join the key industry stakeholders at the Novotel Clarke Quay in Singapore for the Smart Ports Summit Asia to discuss how to integrate smarter operations across port and terminal activity and look at real-life examples of ports transforming from bottlenecks into the digital nexus of the supply chain.

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What’s on the agenda?

The summit will showcase terminal operator and port authority strategy, and discuss how this is being shaped by evolving global patterns and shifting client demands. Find out what a successful digital strategy should look like, how this is led from the top, and how the business case for innovation is best made. To see the full agenda, please visit: http://bit.ly/SPSA-agenda.

The stellar speaker line-up will feature experts including: 

  • Michael Bergmann, President, Comité International Radio-Maritime
  • Mikael Lind, Research Manager, Sustainable Transports, RISE Victoria
  • Okan Duru, Assistant Professor, Programme Director, Nanyang Technological University Singapore
  • Marco Neelson, CEO, Port of Tanjung Pelepas

The up-to-date speaking faculty is available at http://bit.ly/SPSA-speakers.  

Pair the summit with the Shipping2030 Asia conference (18-19 September, Novotel Clarke Quay, Singapore) to meet 250 marine shipping professionals, and gain strategic knowledge and practical tools for long-term growth through wider blue economy and circularity, business model innovation, adding value, digital platforms, culture of innovation, increasing your competitiveness and resilience to change.

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Registration options and package discounts:

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3. To book only Smart Ports Summit and Shipping2030 Asia, please click here and use code FKT3652IHMA to save 20%.

4. Attend as a group to save 50% on the third and subsequent bookings. The standard rate is £799 + VAT (if applicable).

If you have questions about the event or registration process, please email maritime@knect365.com or call +44 (0) 20 7017 5511.

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Latest News & Events

Greek coastguard tender VIKING to supply Greek Coast Guard tender

VIKING Life-Saving Equipment has been declared the winning bidder in a tender covering three offshore high-speed ambulance boats that will support… FIND OUT MORE

Port of Mombasa Port of Mombasa to modernise four berths

It has been reported in Kenya that Kenya Ports Authority (KPA) intends to invest US$193 million to modernise four berths at the port of Mombasa. Our… FIND OUT MORE

Latest News & Events

VIKING Life-Saving Equipment has been declared the winning bidder in a tender covering three offshore high-speed ambulance boats that will support emergency services in the Aegean Sea.

The international tender was concluded after a cooperation between the Hellenic Coast Guard and the Greek Emergency Response Organization (EKAB) in an initiative supported and financed by the European Union under the INTERREG V-A Cooperation Programme 2014-2020.

It is understood that all three ambulance boats are scheduled for delivery during the summer of 2020, to take up station operating from remote Greek islands in the Aegean.

The vessels will be fabricated using the successful VIKING Norsafe Munin S1200 design and will be equipped with twin-diesel stern-drive engines to achieve speeds of up to 40 knots, as well as cutting-edge navigation instruments.

It has been reported in Kenya that Kenya Ports Authority (KPA) intends to invest US$193 million to modernise four berths at the port of Mombasa. Our illustration here shows Mombasa’s second container terminal (www.africaports.co.za © ).

While the berths have not been identified it is understood that they currently handle containers and breakbulk general cargo.

Financing will come from commercial rated loans being offered by the European Investment Bank and French development agency AFD, according to Daniel Manduku, the managing director of the Kenya Ports Authority (KPA).

The port of Mombasa recently opened a new container terminal which is being operated by a division of the Italian shipping company, MSC. The port is the main gateway port for neighbouring landlocked countries in the East Africa region – Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, South Sudan, southern Ethiopia and parts of eastern DRC.