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Safety


Safety

A port's navigational safety policy underpins the Harbour Master's responsibility for the safety of navigation. The navigational safety policy, which should be approved by the highest level of management within a port, usually a board of directors, is a publicly available document which states what the board holds itself responsible for in respect of the safety of navigation within its area of jurisdiction.

The reputation of a port is dependent on its safety record and efficiency. Any damage to a port’s safety record may impact on its reputation and by extension, its trade.

The Harbour Master plays a key role in the development and implementation of a safety management system which manages the hazards and risks associated with port operations along with any preparations for emergencies. This should be operated effectively and revised periodically.

Some countries provide guidance to their ports on port safety. An example of this is the UK’s Port Marine Safety Code and its accompanying Good Practice Guide can be found here.

Port Safety

Safety Management and Risk Assessment

To achieve a safe port, a Harbour Master must identify the hazards which present in the port and then assess the risks associated with those hazards. The risks must then be managed down to an acceptable level usually identified as the ALARP (as low as reasonably practicable) principle. This is the underlying principle of risk assessment – a practice that will not only lead to a safer port but may also help to reduce insurance premiums, a commercial benefit to the port company. Thorough risk assessments can be used not only in the formulation of better operating procedures but also in the formulation of effective emergency plans.

Port By-laws

Navigational safety and care for the environment are governed by numerous international, national and local laws and regulations. Harbour Masters have to not only obey local by-laws but also enforce them. They may also be authorised to draft by-laws for their own ports. Port by-laws and admission policies set the conditions under which vessels may enter and leave the port and where they berth.

Rotterdam Port by-laws: https://www.portofrotterdam.com/en/files/rotterdam-port-management-bye-laws

Admission to Port

Harbour Masters rely on reliable and accurate information to inform decision-making concerning the entry and departure of commercial shipping. The geographical configurations of the port, prevailing weather conditions, port water depths, and the height and strength of the local tides are some of the factors that a Harbour Master considers. This information and other factors will inform a port's navigational safety policy and at operational level affect the decisions concerning the arrival and departure of shipping. Harbour masters specify their entry requirements in great detail. These include safest approaches to a port, pilot boarding ground and details of advance notifications to be given to the port prior to arrival.  

The arrival of a commercial vessel into a port is always a planned event. Notification of the vessel’s arrival sometimes begins weeks before the actual arrival. The vessel normally gives 72-48-24 hour notices to all the parties concerned and corrects the ETA (Estimated Time of Arrival) with every notice so as to be as close to their declared ETA as possible when arriving at a pilot station.

Pilot boarding and communication between the ship, pilot and port authority shipping control office or VTS are critical to the safe arrival of a ship as it proceeds to its intended berth.

Various agencies including the vessel’s designated Agents, the Harbour Master or his representative, the Pilot company, towage company and the stevedores working the vessel are involved with the arrival of a commercial ship into a port.

Points of notification are predesignated positions set by the Harbour Master when the vessel calls Marine Control on a pre-agreed VHF Channel and informs them of the vessel’s actual position. This information warns other vessels in the area of the incoming vessel’s progress and allows the Marine Controller or VTS to alert ancillary services, such as tugs and lines-boats.

Pilotage

The task of the pilot is to advise the ship’s master on passage through the port and its approaches. The pilot brings knowledge of the local maritime conditions and operational practices that have been gained through extensive experience of navigating ships in the restricted waters of the port and its approaches. Use of a pilot is compulsory in many territorial waters.

In most Member States legislation provides the possibility of some form of exemption from pilotage, either in the form of exemptions in the regulations for compulsory pilotage or by issuing Pilotage Exemption Certificates (PEC).

Tugs and Towage

Many ports deal with big ships in confined or restricted areas and in many cases the risk of contact (allision) with port infrastructure and the risk of grounding is managed by the use of tugs. The use of tugs may be compulsory in some ports for some ships and this is one of the decisions the Harbour Master will make when considering safety of navigation. The Harbour Master may also monitor the competence and qualifications of tug personnel and the performance of tug operations.

High-speed craft

High speed craft in port waters may pose potential risks to safe navigation, channel / bank erosion and danger to persons working under or around wharf structures. It may be necessary to manage the speed of high-speed craft in areas of risk. Engagement with high-speed craft associations will ensure that key risk areas are identified and managed appropriately. Use of AIS on commercial high-speed craft will allow monitoring by VTS / Port control.

Mooring Operations

Safe and efficient mooring processes are vital for ports and terminals. A ship breaking loose from its moorings is a hazard to other vessels and to port infrastructure. A drifting vessel may cause serious damage to cranes, cargo manifolds and fenders and injuries to staff ashore and afloat.

Appropriately trained shore-based berthing crews will work with ship crews to bring ropes or wires from the ship ashore and put them on the shore bollards by hand or with the use of winch trucks. This is a specialised activity involving significant safety issues.

IMO FAL.6/CIRC.11/Rev.1 GUIDELINES ON MINIMUM TRAINING AND EDUCATION FOR MOORING PERSONNEL

Lashing

Cargo needs to be lashed safely and effectively.  Lashing gangs may be dockworkers or authorised crew members (for instance on short sea RoRo (Roll-on/Roll-off) ferries). Deck cargo, containers and RoRo trailers on the weather deck are vulnerable because they can be hit by waves in bad weather and need special attention. For example, steel coils and other heavy cargo can shift during rolling and pitching when not properly stowed and lashed. When a ship arrives with a list due to shifted cargo, the harbour master is informed and will send a nautical expert on board to ensure that the ship will enter the port safely before providing a berth.

Latest News & Events

On 11 February the PAC published as evidence a National Audit Office memorandum titled:

The award of contracts for additional freight capacity on ferry services

The document is available here: www.parliament.uk/documents/commons-committees/public-accounts/Correspondence/2017-19/Memorandum%20for%20PAC%20-%20The%20award%20of%20contracts%20for%20ferry%20services.pdf 

PAC Chair Meg Hillier MP commented: ‘The scrapping of the Seaborne contract, and the NAO review we have published today, raise serious issues which we will explore at our session on progress with Brexit preparations on Wednesday (13 February).

It was announced on 8 February that IMO has launched a new logo for its Women in Maritime programme, as part of its mission to support the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.

Programme lead Helen Buni said: ‘The IMO Women in Maritime programme supports the participation of women in both shore-based and sea-going posts, under the slogan Training-Visibility-Recognition’, through a wide range of gender-specific activities. The new logo is just one visible part of the programme and will help women in maritime gain more visibility and exposure throughout the maritime sector and beyond.’

Role of Harbour Master/ Port Operations Professional
Security
Port Call Optimisation
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Vessel Traffic Services
Safety
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Emergency Management
Environment

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Latest Events

Hilton Canary Wharf Hotel in London

We are delighted to invite you to the inaugural Smart Ports Summit, taking place from 19 to 20 February 2019 at the Hilton Canary Wharf Hotel in London. This two-day summit will bring together key stakeholders from the entire supply chain to discuss how to integrate smarter operations across port and terminal activity, looking at all types of ports – from containers, tankers and dry cargo to passenger and crew facilities.
As a member of IHMA, you are entitled to an exclusive discount of 20% on the standard rate. To claim
your discount, use VIP code FKT3566IHMA at checkout.

Register here:
http://bit.ly/SmartPortsbook-IHMA

Learn more about the event: http://bit.ly/SmartPorts-IHMA

Highlights from the agenda:

  • The drivers behind change and the biggest challenges ahead to digitalise ports
  • How to determine business critical processes that require digital applications
  • Adopting AI and predictive analytics to improve information flow
  • Specific challenges around container terminals, passenger ship ports and tanker terminals
  • Working towards optimising the supply chain and potential integration strategies
  • The latest cyber security threats and how to mitigate these risks
  • What will the port of the future look like and how will it impact and benefit other stakeholders
  • And plenty more

Download the agenda: http://bit.ly/SmartPortsagenda-IHMA

Key speakers for 2019 include:

  • Anton Rhodes, Project Officer, IMO
  • Richard Ballantyne, Chief Executive, British Ports Association
  • Sven Daniels, Director IT, Hamburg Port Consulting
  • Johan Gahstrom, Senior Marine Manager, Intertanko
  • Yoss Leclerc, Port Operations, Quebec Port Authority
  • Monica Swanson, Business Manager Digital Development, Port of Rotterdam

Meet all the speakers: http://bit.ly/SmartPortsSpeakers-IHMA

Additional discounts:

  1. Port authorities and terminal operators: 50% off the standard rate (paying only £799 + VAT)
  2. Shippers and shipowners can attend for free as VIP guests. For more information, please email Ellen at ellen.minshull@knect365.com.
The Grand Chancellor, Hobart
The 12th IHMA Congress, The Next Wave – Navigating Towards the Digital Future

The 12th IHMA Congress, The Next Wave – Navigating Towards the Digital Future

The International Harbour Masters’ Association 2020 Congress in Hobart, Australia will address the theme ‘The Next Wave – Navigating Towards the Digital Future‘

The IHMA invites you to submit your ideas, case studies and technical research via the online ‘Call for Papers’ athttp://www.globalportoperations.com/call-for-papers Deadline – 15 March 2019

The biennial IHMA congress provides a unique forum in which formal Association meetings are combined with a conference, extensive networking program and an exhibition – displaying equipment, services and technical developments relevant to the ports and harbour sector and providing both local and international sponsors and exhibitors with a unique marketing platform.

The 2020 IHMA Congress is an unparalleled opportunity for maritime businesses to showcase their services and for port marine professionals from around the world to network, share their experiences and update their professional knowledge.

Apply for membership of IHMA today to benefit from the IHMA Congress Members’ Discount 
http://www.harbourmaster.org/ihma-join-online.php

See attachment for dates and venues
Maritime and Cyber crime threat and risk mitigation workshop

Free to Attend – each event closing with a networking reception

Agenda

CSO Alliance will host a maritime security awareness brief aimed at enhancing risk awareness to security officials within the global maritime industry.while also providing a collaboration platform to debate related issues. There will also be an opportunity to learn more about the CSO, Maritime Cyber and our new Port Alliances. Agenda items include:

Regional threat update for West Africa, Indian Ocean and Asia/Far East

•  Information on successful ship boarding locations with a focus on stowaway issues

•  Awareness of cyber threat vectors and how the Maritime Cyber and other Alliances can play into crime reporting and sharing

• Port Security concerns and risk management

Open Floor Panel Discussion

Leading speakers:

• Mark Sutcliffe Managing Director CSO Alliance

• Harry Harper Director Ports & Maritime Chenega International Consulting

• Dr. Chris Henny Senior Technical Maritime Advisor Intelligence, Airbus

The CSO Alliance and Maritime Cyber Alliances provide ‘Security through Community’ enabling the maritime security community to submit incident reports and other information as well as collaborate in a secure environment about risks faced by the maritime industry. This can assist in delivery of a cost effective, threat-informed, risk-based approach.

Please join as your feedback helps shape our existing Alliances and the new PFSO Alliance.

Please confirm your attendance by emailing rsvp@csoalliance.com

Tel + 44 (0) 1296 325700 www.csoalliance.com

Trinity House, Tower Hill, London, EC3N 4DH
UK Ports for International Trade Launch Event

Dr Liam Fox MP, Secretary of State for International Trade, will give a keynote speech at the official launch of the UK Ports for International Trade campaign on Wednesday 17th October and an invitation has been extended to the maritime community. Readers who wish to attend are invited to inform the organisation by e-mail to: info@ukportsforinternaitonaltrade.com

UK Ports for International Trade is a new campaign led by businesses in the ports, maritime and logistics sectors - supported by the Department for International Trade. The campaign will be making a public case for the role international trade plays in driving growth and creating jobs in communities across Britain – and the integral role UK ports play in delivering that.

The campaign membership includes: Associated British Ports; the British Ports Association; UK Chamber of Shipping; UK Major Ports Group; PD Ports; Port of Dover; Belfast Harbour; Bristol Port; Forth Ports; Hutchison Ports; Maritime UK; Mersey Maritime; Milford Haven; P&O Ferries; Peel Ports; Port of London Authority; Port of Tyne; Rail Freight Group; Shoreham Port; UK Warehousing Association. 

Launch details:

Date: Wednesday 17th October

Time: 2:30 – 4pm

Venue: Trinity House, Tower Hill, London, EC3N 4DH 

We need to reimagine the UK’s coastal communities into a coastal powerhouse 

We have an unprecedented opportunity to transform our coastal communities 

UK ports ‘need to shout about the benefits of trade’ 
 

PORT OF GOTHENBURG

Thursday 27 - Friday 28 June 2019

How and with who will the ship of the future communicate?

This is the question that industry, ship owners and managers, ports, nautical service providers, university and research projects will seek to answer in this biennial EHMC seminar.  The day will include live demonstrations of industry products and a visit by boat within the Port of Gothenburg that will also take us around the harbour area.

The host: Port of Gothenburg

The Swedish shipping industry has recently been labelled a role model for the global shipping community because of the work being done to reduce emissions.  The Port of Gothenburg is not only Sweden's, but moreover Scandinavia's most important gateway for goods, cruise and passengers.  The hinterland includes three capital cities - Oslo, Copenhagen and Stockholm and almost 3o per cent of Swedish foreign trade passes through the port.

For further details please contact the EHMC Secretary, romers.ehmc@harbourmaster.org

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Latest News & Events

Women in Maritime IMO’s gender programme New logo to increase visibility for women in maritime

It was announced on 8 February that IMO has launched a new logo for its Women in Maritime programme, as part of its mission to support the United… FIND OUT MORE

Latest News & Events

On 11 February the PAC published as evidence a National Audit Office memorandum titled:

The award of contracts for additional freight capacity on ferry services

The document is available here: www.parliament.uk/documents/commons-committees/public-accounts/Correspondence/2017-19/Memorandum%20for%20PAC%20-%20The%20award%20of%20contracts%20for%20ferry%20services.pdf 

PAC Chair Meg Hillier MP commented: ‘The scrapping of the Seaborne contract, and the NAO review we have published today, raise serious issues which we will explore at our session on progress with Brexit preparations on Wednesday (13 February).

It was announced on 8 February that IMO has launched a new logo for its Women in Maritime programme, as part of its mission to support the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.

Programme lead Helen Buni said: ‘The IMO Women in Maritime programme supports the participation of women in both shore-based and sea-going posts, under the slogan Training-Visibility-Recognition’, through a wide range of gender-specific activities. The new logo is just one visible part of the programme and will help women in maritime gain more visibility and exposure throughout the maritime sector and beyond.’