Worldwide there are approximately 3,000 merchant ports and the work of the Harbour Master can vary widely from country to country and from port to port even within the same country.
It has been reported in Kenya that Kenya Ports Authority (KPA) intends to invest US$193 million to modernise four berths at the port of Mombasa. Our illustration here shows Mombasa’s second container terminal (www.africaports.co.za © ).
While the berths have not been identified it is understood that they currently handle containers and breakbulk general cargo.
Financing will come from commercial rated loans being offered by the European Investment Bank and French development agency AFD, according to Daniel Manduku, the managing director of the Kenya Ports Authority (KPA).
The port of Mombasa recently opened a new container terminal which is being operated by a division of the Italian shipping company, MSC. The port is the main gateway port for neighbouring landlocked countries in the East Africa region – Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, South Sudan, southern Ethiopia and parts of eastern DRC.
However, Mombasa is facing increasing competition from its southern neighbour Tanzania and that country’s port of Dar es Salaam. Tanzania is also building a standard gauge railway to connect with Rwanda, Burundi, Uganda and the eastern DRC with other Cape gauge rail connections to Zambia, Zimbabwe and Malawi.
Nevertheless, Mombasa remains the dominant port in East Africa and last year handled 32 million tonnes of cargo including over one million container TEU.
The Kenyan port is projected to increase the cargo volume to 47 million tonnes by 2025. Mombasa is already the second busiest sub-Saharan container port after Durban.
It is furthermore understood that the port of Mombasa is also planning to build a new oil terminal to replace the existing facility that was opened in 1968. This will triple the port’s annual capacity for oil and liquid gas to one million tonnes. The contractor engaged with this project is China Communication Construction Co.
Reproduced with grateful thanks to, and by kind permission of, www.africaports.co.za
Investments to improve efficiency and expand port capacity
Modernisation will help shift cargo from roads to shipping and railway
Turkey’s maritime industry is receiving a boost thanks to a new loan from the London-based European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) of US$ 17.5 million to the operator of Tekirdag port on the Sea of Marmara. ICBC Turkey is providing an equal loan.
Ceyport Tekirdag Uluslararasi Liman Isletmeciligi is operating the port under a 36-year concession granted by the Turkish privatisation authority last year (2018).
It is understood that the EBRD loan will partially finance the acquisition of operating rights, the modernisation of the port and the expansion of its capacity, to which the company has committed under the concession agreement.
Tekirdag port handles general cargo, dry and liquid bulk, containers and ro-ro vessels and serves industrial and agricultural production and trade in the region.
It is the only port in the western Marmara Sea that provides both ro-ro and rail-ferry services to the eastern Marmara region. Enhanced port infrastructure will play a key role in directing a larger share of cargo from roads towards railway and shipping lines, which are more environmentally friendly alternatives.
The port operator is a subsidiary of Cey Group, one of the largest logistics groups in Turkey, which also includes Ceynak Lojistik and the operators of Samsun port and Mesbas port located in the Mersin Free Zone.
Member States of the IMO have urged further firm action in coming years to advance gender equality throughout the maritime sector and reach a barrier-free environment, following a year of action to “empower women in the maritime community” – the World Maritime theme for 2019.
IMO Assembly adoption of resolution
The IMO Assembly, meeting for its 31st session from 25 November to 4 December adopted a resolution on Preserving the Legacy of the World Maritime Theme for 2019 and achieving a Barrier-Free Working Environment for Women in the Maritime Sector.
This resolution urges governments, maritime administrations and the industry to endeavour to reach a barrier-free environment for women, so that all women can participate fully, safely and without hindrance in the activities of the maritime community, including seafaring and shipbuilding activities.
Furthermore, the resolution notes testimony from women from across the various maritime industries which demonstrates that barriers and obstacles still exist at every level. Work towards gender equality, including the fostering of a safe environment for women in the maritime sector, remains incomplete and should continue to be pursued.
Governments, maritime administrations and the industry should consider ways to continuously identify and overcome existing constraints in all aspects of the maritime sector, in particular, in terms of recruitment, promotion, training, capacity-building and technical cooperation.