Worldwide there are approximately 3,000 merchant ports and the work of the Harbour Master can vary widely from country to country and from port to port even within the same country.
At the end of October Tokyo Kisen Co Ltd and e5 Lab Inc reported that they had jointly developed a new design concept of what is known as the e5 Tug. Designed to minimize its environmental footprint this electric propulsion harbour tug is powered by a large-capacity battery and a hydrogen fuel cell.
The e5 is equipped with a propulsion system running on what is known as the e5 powertrain platform, devised and planned by e5 Lab and which utilizes a large-capacity battery system as a main power source and a hydrogen fuel cell and generator as the auxiliary power source.
It is reported that this electric propulsion system will ensure sufficient bollard pull and continuous cruising time necessary for a harbour tug and which requires large-capacity power to function. Furthermore, CO2 emissions are minimized by incorporating the fuel cell.
This joint project is drawing upon knowledge and experience of Tokyo Kisen as a tug operator and e5 Lab is undertaking concept planning and development, design, and project management.
It is understood that Tokyo Kisen will proceed with the project by seeking advice from the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism Japan, from ClassNK, and from others for regulatory compliance. It has been learnt that after the final investment decision Tokyo Kisen aims to launch the tug for commercial operations at Yokohama Port and Kawasaki Port in 2022.
In outline the e5 tug will be propelled by two1500kW azimuth thrusters, will have a towing power of 50 tons and a service speed of 14 knots.
As for its environmental performance the tug’s systems are expected to reduce CO2 emissions in all operational phases such as push / pull, transit and standby.
The tug may be able to offer value at the time of a disaster for it could function as a power supply from ship to shore. With regard to future advances the tug’s fully electrified powertrains can adapt to most suitable energy sources: lithium-ion battery, hydrogen fuel cell, all-solid-state battery, LNG generators and so forth as technology progresses and it will be possible to achieve zero emissions in combination with renewable energy.
About Tokyo Kisen
Tokyo Kisen Co Ltd with HQ in Yokohama is a major tug company in Japan with the mission of supporting maritime safety. Since its founding in 1947, the company has been consistently engaged in the operation of assisting navigational safety of ships throughout Tokyo Bay, the centre of Japanese marine transport, and one of the busiest sea traffic areas in the world.
Tokyo Kisen operates harbour and escort tugs, pilot boats and crew transfer vessels (CTVs) for offshore wind farms. In addition, its group companies operate water buses, harbour cruise ships and car ferries. In 2013, the company launched a (non-battery type) hybrid tug.
About e5 Lab Inc
e5 Lab Inc with HQ in Tokyo is a shipping systems provider based on the electrification and digitization of ships. With the mission of sustainable domestic shipping, the lifeline of Japan, e5Lab Inc aims to create new added value by combining the latest technology and ideas, and solving problems of domestic shipping, thereby ensuring safe navigation. Currently the company is proceeding with a project aimed at completing an electric propulsion Tanker EV Tanker of the Asahi Tanker Co Ltd. in 2021.
Five values provided by e5 Lab are: electrification, environment, efficiency, economics, evolution.
Investments to improve efficiency and expand port capacity
Modernisation will help shift cargo from roads to shipping and railway
Turkey’s maritime industry is receiving a boost thanks to a new loan from the London-based European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) of US$ 17.5 million to the operator of Tekirdag port on the Sea of Marmara. ICBC Turkey is providing an equal loan.
Ceyport Tekirdag Uluslararasi Liman Isletmeciligi is operating the port under a 36-year concession granted by the Turkish privatisation authority last year (2018).
It is understood that the EBRD loan will partially finance the acquisition of operating rights, the modernisation of the port and the expansion of its capacity, to which the company has committed under the concession agreement.
Tekirdag port handles general cargo, dry and liquid bulk, containers and ro-ro vessels and serves industrial and agricultural production and trade in the region.
It is the only port in the western Marmara Sea that provides both ro-ro and rail-ferry services to the eastern Marmara region. Enhanced port infrastructure will play a key role in directing a larger share of cargo from roads towards railway and shipping lines, which are more environmentally friendly alternatives.
The port operator is a subsidiary of Cey Group, one of the largest logistics groups in Turkey, which also includes Ceynak Lojistik and the operators of Samsun port and Mesbas port located in the Mersin Free Zone.
Member States of the IMO have urged further firm action in coming years to advance gender equality throughout the maritime sector and reach a barrier-free environment, following a year of action to “empower women in the maritime community” – the World Maritime theme for 2019.
IMO Assembly adoption of resolution
The IMO Assembly, meeting for its 31st session from 25 November to 4 December adopted a resolution on Preserving the Legacy of the World Maritime Theme for 2019 and achieving a Barrier-Free Working Environment for Women in the Maritime Sector.
This resolution urges governments, maritime administrations and the industry to endeavour to reach a barrier-free environment for women, so that all women can participate fully, safely and without hindrance in the activities of the maritime community, including seafaring and shipbuilding activities.
Furthermore, the resolution notes testimony from women from across the various maritime industries which demonstrates that barriers and obstacles still exist at every level. Work towards gender equality, including the fostering of a safe environment for women in the maritime sector, remains incomplete and should continue to be pursued.
Governments, maritime administrations and the industry should consider ways to continuously identify and overcome existing constraints in all aspects of the maritime sector, in particular, in terms of recruitment, promotion, training, capacity-building and technical cooperation.