Worldwide there are approximately 3,000 merchant ports and the work of the Harbour Master can vary widely from country to country and from port to port even within the same country.
Ports and waterways around the world are experiencing air and water temperature increases, rising sea levels, and changes in parameters such as seasonal precipitation, wind and wave conditions. Many are also seeing more frequent and severe extreme events including storms, heatwaves and droughts.
Climate change represents a significant risk to business, operations, safety and infrastructure – and hence to local, national and global economies. Waterborne transport infrastructure will be adversely affected. Port and waterway operators need to take urgent action to strengthen resilience and adapt.
The guidance, which has been prepared by the international experts on PIANC’s Working Group 178, provides an introduction to the potential consequences of climate change and some of the challenges to be addressed if ports and waterways are to adapt effectively. It is a pleasure to note that IHMA was well-represented on the Working Group.
This document then introduces a four-stage methodological framework to help port and waterway owners and operators plan for improved resilience:
Sixteen international good practice case studies are appended to the guidance, along with various templates to be used for data collection and record keeping.
This guidance also:
Interest by international associations
The following eight international associations with interests in waterborne transport infrastructure are partners in the Navigating a Changing Climate initiative:
In addition, more than 50 other organisations have signed up as supporters of the initiative.
More information can be obtained at:
1 PIANC is a global, non-political and non-profit organisation that brings together international experts on technical, economic and environmental issues relevant to the design, development and maintenance of ports, harbours, waterways, marinas and coastal areas. PIANC’s mission is to provide expert guidance, recommendations and technical advice, so as to keep the international waterborne transport community connected and informed. In particular, the association is renowned for its high-quality technical reports on ports and waterborne transport infrastructure. More information is to be found at: www.pianc.org
2 The PIANC Declaration on Climate Change, launched by PIANC’s President on 10 December 2019, during the Round Table on Resilience at COP25 in Madrid, Spain, can be found here: www.pianc.org/think-climate
3Navigating a Changing Climate is a PIANC-led Global Climate Action initiative, set up under the Marrakech Partnership in the lead-up to COP21 in Paris, where the Paris Climate Change Agreement was signed. The objective of the initiative is to provide support to the owners and operators of waterborne transport infrastructure as they respond to the climate change challenge by: raising awareness; reducing greenhouse gas emissions; strengthening resilience and adapting infrastructure and operations; and seeking integrated solutions including Working with Nature.
In the current context, marked by the effects of the Covid 19 pandemic, terminals are showing a considerable drop in overall port volumes. This is associated with a decline in economic activity, and with a large number of blank sailings due to shipping lines’ attempts to align capacity with existing demand.
However, the paradox is that despite the fact that calls and volume arriving at the Port of Barcelona's BEST terminal have decreased, moves per call have significantly increased. This was reported from the port on 29 June.
During week 23 (1-7 June), BEST terminal welcomed the largest vessel to call at the Port of Barcelona, MSC Sixin, with a capacity of almost 24,000 TEU.
Subsequently, similar ships from the 2M alliance (Maersk + MSC) have been arriving on a recurring basis on passage between the Far East and Europe, grouping together all the moves that a few weeks ago were made between different services of the same alliance and which were cancelled due to the exceptional situation currently experienced.
During May and June, BEST terminal saw how the number of moves per call had broken all existing records in the Port of Barcelona – starting with almost 8,000 moves in week 22, all move records broken to reach almost 8,500 moves in week 24.
This change in demand, with large cargo concentration peaks on large deep sea vessels and a smaller number of calls, directly impacts on the way terminals must approach the services they offer.
It was found that the way to put forward a valuable proposal to shipping lines with these types of calls, is to offer productivity per call that exceeds by far the average efficiency in container terminals. With this in mind, it is important to highlight the relevance of the important investments made by BEST, both in the number of cranes capable of operating these types of ship, and in the terminal operating system (TOS) at all levels.
Classification Society ClassNK announced from Tokyo on 2 July that it had released its annual report on Port State Control.
This document aims to assist ship operators and management companies in maintaining compliant operations by providing information about ships detained by PSC as well as deficiencies that were found on board from many port states in 2019.
In line with the International Safety Management (ISM) Code, PSC inspections ensure that vessels departing the port meet international standards and have proved to be highly effective in eliminating substandard ships that are in operation. They oversee not only the hardware of a ship, but also the software by examining the maintenance and operation methods being used. In addition to various figures, status of implementation and recent developments in PSC worldwide are included.
This Annual Report on Port State Control (PSC) summarises deficiencies identified during PSC inspections carried out in various countries around the world.
Class NK has prepared it with the objective of building awareness with the present state of PSC and thereby improving future onboard maintenance and inspections, and as well as Safety Management System.