Worldwide there are approximately 3,000 merchant ports and the work of the Harbour Master can vary widely from country to country and from port to port even within the same country.
Europe’s ports continue to support the extension of the EU Emission Trading System (EU ETS) to the maritime sector. The European Sea Ports Organisation (ESPO) recognises that the maritime EU ETS can be a powerful mechanism to accelerate the green transition of the sector.
However, this mechanism will only deliver as intended if the measure is well-designed. This means that:
Whereas the European Parliament and Council have made substantial steps forward in addressing the carbon and business leakage threat resulting from the scope of the proposal, further progress needs to be made to ensure that the maritime EU ETS revenues are being used to green the maritime sector and ports.
European ports call on the European Parliament and Council to ensure that the maritime EU ETS revenues are used for sector-specific investments to facilitate the deployment and use of sustainable alternative fuels, including the electrification of vessels and onshore power infrastructure in ports.
ESPO has co-signed a joint maritime industry statement supporting such investments and calling for earmarking of ETS revenues in the final text. (See attachment here).
In line with this statement, the final text on EU ETS must foresee dedicated maritime calls under the Innovation Fund, which would serve to accelerate the decarbonisation of the maritime sector.
For ESPO, the Innovation Fund should support the deployment of new technologies that effectively avoid generating greenhouse gas emissions, whilst bridging the funding gap for mature but not yet commercially viable projects. If only ‘first-of-a-kind projects’ can be financed under the Innovation Fund, the added value of dedicated funding in the Innovation Fund remains very limited.
Isabelle Ryckbost, ESPO Secretary General commented: ‘The aim of the EU-ETS maritime is to make the greening of the shipping sector happen. This implies important investments in new technologies all over the network, both on the ship side and at shore side.
‘The success of EU-ETS will largely depend on the use of the revenues. To be fit for 55, we need to fund for 55% emission reductions. In this phase of the negotiations, we should not get stuck on the name or the structure of the fund, but on the way the funds are used. In that respect, it is important to understand that financing only first of a kind-projects will not deliver the progress in greening we aim for.’
The final text on EU ETS should also encourage Member States to use the revenues generated from the auctioning of allowances to investments in maritime and ports.
European ports remain committed to help deliver a final text on EU ETS that makes the green transition of maritime possible.