Worldwide there are approximately 3,000 merchant ports and the work of the Harbour Master can vary widely from country to country and from port to port even within the same country.
It was announced on 23 August that the National Workboat Association, the safety standards, skills and trade association for the workboat industry of the United Kingdom, is taking steps to address the issue of crewmember fatigue in the offshore energy support vessel (OESV) sector through an official campaign and free poster resource.
This comes in direct response to widespread concerns over the occurrence of fatigue among workboat crewmembers. The challenge posed by fatigue was first highlighted by members of the workboat and offshore wind sectors at the NWA’s inaugural Offshore Wind Safety Forum, held in September 2017.
As wind farms increase in size, scale and technological advancement, OESV operators find themselves working further away from shore, with longer journey times and the potential for extended shift patterns. With project developers aiming to maximise the uptime of their contracted offshore workers, working hours can increase beyond advisable and on occasion legal limits, leaving crews overtired and vulnerable to making errors.
This situation is often compounded by the contractual relationships in offshore wind construction, which can see projects handed over to new, sometimes less experienced, coordination. As project timeline pressure increases, crews are often at risk of missing the signs of fatigue.
Furthermore, some OESV companies reported that crews felt a self-applied pressure to go above and beyond requirements for clients. While this can initially manifest itself as a one-off instance of overtime, it can quickly lead to long days with inadequate rest periods becoming commonplace.
Effects of extreme tiredness can include delayed reaction times, poor concentration, and a temptation to cut corners, all of which threaten the safety of crewmembers and the integrity of operations. Therefore the NWA believes that offshore wind and workboat sectors must collaborate to ensure that instances of fatigue are eliminated This can be achieved by educating the managers responsible for planning operations, and by teaching crewmembers how to spot, and report, instances of fatigue at sea.
Having undertaken a year’s industry research, the NWA is now launching an official campaign – Understanding Fatigue – to address the issue, targeting shore-based management teams and workboat crewmembers.
Management teams may need to review how they plan project operations to ensure that crews are well-rested and able to work safely and efficiently. Meanwhile, a free poster resource, sponsored by the MCA and The Shipowners’ Club, has been designed for display (see illustration here) on all OESVs, to help crewmembers to identify the signs of fatigue in themselves and others.
The poster will be officially launched at the second NWA / Offshore Wind Safety Forum, to be held on 6 September near Hull. This event will provide a platform for the discussion of fatigue issues and for distributing information and guidance from the NWA, one year on from the meeting at which the issue was first highlighted.
Mark Ranson, Secretary, NWA commented: ‘At last year’s Offshore Wind Safety Forum, fatigue was the most-discussed topic by far. It is obviously a challenge for vessel operators, and it is potentially dangerous for crews, so we wanted to research the reasons behind over-running working hours, and to empower the offshore wind and workboat industries to do something about it.’
He continued: ‘This is really the culmination of a year’s worth of research and development – and we hope that the poster campaign, and the opportunity to discuss the issue at our Safety Forum in September, will really galvanise all stakeholders to act and help to make a difference.’
Kerrie Forster, Chairman of the National Workboat Safety Forum, added: ‘We are really pleased so far with the positive response to the campaign within the industry. Researching the subject over the last year, we have been strongly supported by government and industry bodies, offshore wind farm operators and stakeholders – and of course vessel operators and their crews.
‘Together we are taking another strong step towards creating a safer and more efficient industry for the future. In order for the campaign to achieve maximum impact, we ask all OESV stakeholders, clients, and management to display the posters in their workplace in order to spread this important awareness.’
For more information on the Understanding Fatigue campaign, and to access further resources, readers are invited to visit:
About the National Workboat Association
The National Workboat Association (NWA) is the safety standards, skills and trade association for the UK workboat industry; it also has European workboat operators in its membership.
Since its inception in 1994, the NWA has acted as a crucial point of liaison between its membership and key regulatory and industry bodies, such as the UK Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA). It has also driven the creation of safety, technical and best practice standards, provided a unifying platform for industry lobbying and debate, and delivered industry-recognised training and certification opportunities.
Core achievements include the introduction and subsequent revision of the MCA Code of Practice for the Safe Operation of Small Workboats – the Workboat Code – which acts as the recognised Technical Standard for UK workboats and has formed the basis for numerous international codes.
The NWA has a membership base of over 80 UK and European workboat owners and operators, collectively representing over 550 operational vessels.
With ABB’s shore connection technology, three Corsica Linea ferries will cut emissions and noise pollution when berthed in the Port of Marseille, France.
Instead of running diesel-fuelled auxiliary engines the ferries Paglia Orba, Jean Nicoli and Pascal Paoli will use electricity for power at the berth. Each of the three vessels is being modified to feature ABB’s power compensation device Dynacomp, which allows electricity available from the local grid in Marseille to be stepped down to 11KV in order to take care of ship power needs while in port.
Jean Nicoli is illustrated here with the kind assistance of Corsica Linea / ABB ©.
In the words of Ludovic Amouroux, Project Manager, Corsica Linea: ‘ABB shore connection technology enables the type of emissions-free ship power that regulators, ports and local residents increasingly demand. With ABB’s proven technology, Paglia Orba, Jean Nicoli and Pascal Paoli will be emissions-free when berthed in Marseille. We estimate we will use between 7MWh and 11 MWh of zero-emission power per call, depending on the vessel.’
Jyri Jusslin, Head of Service, ABB Marine & Ports added: ‘Decision-makers in the ferry sector like Corsica Linea continue to lead on zero-emission shore power, proving that existing vessels can significantly reduce environmental impact with technology that is available to shipowners today. We are delighted to offer our turnkey shore connection solution to meet Corsica Linea’s shoreside power needs.’
This second volume in the Collecting Maritime Evidence series has a special focus on electronic evidence – what it is, how to preserve and collect it, and how it can be used to understand the circumstances that led to a maritime incident.
While not completely replacing traditional records such as hard-copy logbooks, data from electronic sources such as ECDIS, VDR and AIS is vital for the investigator. Admiralty Judge Mr Justice Teare points out that the great benefit of such evidence is that “electronic or digital records cannot lie or have a faulty or imperfect recollection. They will be the best evidence of what happened.”
The book’s expert contributors are drawn from a wide range of disciplines. Among the subjects they discuss are the roles of the average adjuster and the mariner lawyer, evidence collection from the P&I perspective and that of the naval architect, and fire, deterioration of agricultural cargoes, machinery failure and surveying.
Introducing the volume, Captain Ian McNaught CVO MNM FNI, Deputy Master of Trinity House, emphasises, “It is imperative that seafarers understand the need for accurate evidence after an accident on board ship.” The expert advice contained here and in Volume 1 will enable seafarers to protect themselves and defend their actions through the production of such evidence.