Worldwide there are approximately 3,000 merchant ports and the work of the Harbour Master can vary widely from country to country and from port to port even within the same country.
The G7 (or Group of Seven) is an organisation made up of the world’s seven largest so-called advanced economies: Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States.
This organization (originally G8 to include Russia) was founded to facilitate shared macroeconomic initiatives by its members in response to the collapse of the exchange rate 1971, during the time of the Nixon shock, the 1970’s energy crisis and the ensuing recession.
On 24 March 2014, the G7 members cancelled the planned G8 summit that was to be held in June that year in the Russian city of Sochi, and suspended Russia's membership of the group, due to Russia’s annexation of Crimea; nevertheless, they stopped short of outright permanent expulsion.
The G7 was created on France’s initiative during the crisis following the first oil crisis. It was conceived as an informal forum for dialogue between the leading economic powers, with the primary aim of acting as a forum to coordinate economic and financial policies free of any specific protocol.
The 45th G7
Over two days this year France hosted the G7 Summit, the 45th in the series, held on 24-26 August in Biarritz, Nouvelle-Aquitaine. Originally a meeting behind closed doors for seven Heads of State and Government, the Summit adopted a completely new format this year. Civil society made almost unprecedented contributions, and several countries with growing regional influence were invited to take part.
A series of tangible actions were decided on to support the survival of the Amazon, stability in Iran, global trade, the expansion of Africa, gender equality, and the fight against inequality.
The French President wanted the G7 Summit to be useful – it was.
There is a one-page document summarizing the main decisions, known as the Leaders Declaration and made on global crises and trade and can be viewed here:
Of particular interest here is the comment on Trade: ‘The G7 is committed to open and fair world trade and to the stability of the global economy.
The G7 requests that the Finance Ministers closely monitor the state of the global economy.
Therefore, the G7 wishes to overhaul the WTO to improve effectiveness with regard to intellectual property protection, to settle disputes more swiftly and to eliminate unfair trade practices.
The G7 commits to reaching in 2020 an agreement to simplify regulatory barriers and modernize international taxation within the framework of the OECD.’
G7 SAILS, derived from Sustainable Actions for Innovative and Low-impact Shipping, made a Declaration to promote Good Practices in Maritime Transport for the Protection of the Marine and Coastal Environment . This available at:
Of particular note is:
Specific actions by passenger ship companies
For cruise lines and ferries, minimize the impacts of coastal zone use and contribute to the management of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) by:
Reference was made to the Niulakita High Ambition Declaration on Shipping
The Assembly welcomed the initiative of the UN Secretary-General to hold the 2019 Climate Action Summit on 23 September 2019, in New York City; see here:
Of note is the need to:
Biarritz Chairman’s statement on climate, biodiversity and oceans is here:
Illustration reproduced by kind permission of Ville de Biarritz ©
Before (the Northern Hemisphere) summer, the European Commission launched a review of the TEN-T Regulation 1315/2013 with a public consultation.
An introduction to the EU’s TEN-T programme is available here: https://ec.europa.eu/transport/themes/infrastructure_en
The European Sea Ports Organisation (ESPO) submitted its proposals in a position paper. Readers are invited to see the document here issued in July: https://www.espo.be/media/2019.09%20TEN-T%20review%20consultation%202019%20-%20espo%20position%20-%20FINAL.pdf
In a statement of 9 September ESPO’s Secretary General Isabelle Ryckbost commented: ‘European ports remain strong supporters of the 2013 Europe’s Transport Infrastructure Policy, which literally put the seaports on the TEN-T map. It is now time to adapt the framework to the new market realities, new challenges and new needs. Looking in a more comprehensive way at what ports can do, not only for transport, but also in terms of decarbonisation of society and digitalisation of supply chains and having that mirrored in the guidelines, is one of the to-do’s in this review. Nowadays ports are much more than a component of maritime transport, they have a pivotal role between the different modes and the different networks.’
With ABB’s shore connection technology, three Corsica Linea ferries will cut emissions and noise pollution when berthed in the Port of Marseille, France.
Instead of running diesel-fuelled auxiliary engines the ferries Paglia Orba, Jean Nicoli and Pascal Paoli will use electricity for power at the berth. Each of the three vessels is being modified to feature ABB’s power compensation device Dynacomp, which allows electricity available from the local grid in Marseille to be stepped down to 11KV in order to take care of ship power needs while in port.
Jean Nicoli is illustrated here with the kind assistance of Corsica Linea / ABB ©.
In the words of Ludovic Amouroux, Project Manager, Corsica Linea: ‘ABB shore connection technology enables the type of emissions-free ship power that regulators, ports and local residents increasingly demand. With ABB’s proven technology, Paglia Orba, Jean Nicoli and Pascal Paoli will be emissions-free when berthed in Marseille. We estimate we will use between 7MWh and 11 MWh of zero-emission power per call, depending on the vessel.’
Jyri Jusslin, Head of Service, ABB Marine & Ports added: ‘Decision-makers in the ferry sector like Corsica Linea continue to lead on zero-emission shore power, proving that existing vessels can significantly reduce environmental impact with technology that is available to shipowners today. We are delighted to offer our turnkey shore connection solution to meet Corsica Linea’s shoreside power needs.’