Worldwide there are approximately 3,000 merchant ports and the work of the Harbour Master can vary widely from country to country and from port to port even within the same country.
On 2 September IAPH reported that it had submitted guidelines to IMO for consideration at the October meeting of the Maritime Safety Committee.
At the same time IAPH announced the launch of its Cybersecurity Guidelines for Ports and Port Facilities.
At 84-pages (13MB) this document is the culmination of four months of intense work between 22 experts from IAPH member ports around the world as well as Associate Member cybersecurity specialists and contributors from the World Bank.
It is understood that the paper will serve as a crucial, neutral, document for senior executive decision-makers at ports who are responsible for safeguarding against cybersecurity risks as well as ensuring the continued business resilience of their organization.
To download the document readers are invited to see here:
The document aims to assist ports and port facilities to establish the true financial, commercial and operational impact of a cyber-attack. It also is intended to help ports and port facilities make an objective assessment on their readiness to prevent, stop and recover from a cyber-attack.
Guidelines also address the very difficult question of what port organisations need in terms of resources to effectively manage cybersecurity risks.
Patrick Verhoeven, IAPH Managing Director commented: ‘We have produced this set of port and port facilities cybersecurity guidelines targeting the strategic rather than technical level.
‘They are designed to create awareness among the C-level management of port authorities. But on the other hand, we also wanted to bring this to the attention of the IMO, so the guidelines have been submitted to both the IMO Facilitation and Maritime Safety Committees for consideration. The latter meets in October where we will present them.’
A pragmatic versus theoretical approach
The Guidelines form part of the joint industry call Accelerating Digitalisation of Maritime Trade and Logistics: A Call to Action led by IAPH in June last year, which includes reviewing existing IMO guidance on Maritime Cyber Risk Management on its ability to address cyber risks in ports, developing additional guidance where needed.
Pascal Ollivier, Chair of IAPH Data Collaboration Committee and President of Maritime Street and who was the driving force behind the new Guidelines takes up the story: ‘These guidelines were a logical follow on from the Port Community Cyber Security White Paper developed by IAPH in 2020 as a guide to those ports gearing up to digitalize processes and data exchanges to deal with the new normal caused by the COVID19 pandemic.
‘The digitalization of port communities means ports will need to pay increased attention to cyber security risks. When we put the team together, it quickly became apparent that the authors all felt we needed to offer a pragmatic and practical approach to dealing with cyber threat actors, which culminated in this phenomenal collaboration which is an industry first for ports.’
This first version will now be disseminated in the industry, including through the IAPH members-only magazine Ports & Harbors which contains a special focus on cybersecurity in the current edition.
IAPH fully anticipates the Guidelines to become an active, living document with regular updates and editions from the 22-strong editorial team.
Online discussion due 16 September
An online discussion about the guidelines “Port Cybersecurity: moving from reactive towards proactive cyber resilience” is scheduled for 16 September at 1230 BST (GMT + 1) at London International Shipping Week, which will include contributions from three of the main port authorities involved in the making of the document.
It was announced from Tokyo on 25 November that ClassNK had signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on cybersecurity with the Panama Maritime Authority (PMA).
Panama, the world’s largest flag state, is making various efforts to improve the safety of its own vessels. On 17 November, PMA announced the establishment of a Cyber Incident Voluntary Reporting Scheme to better understand the cyber threats that vessels are exposed to and to seek more pragmatic and effective measures to control the cyber risks. It is understood that the scheme encourages all Panama-flagged vessels to report detected cyber incidents to PMA.
The PMA has issued a relevant Marine Notice available here: https://panamashipregistry.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/MMN-22-2021-CYBER-SECURITY-November-2021.pdf
Under the MOU, ClassNK will provide its knowledge and experience cultivated so far to PMA for their efforts to ensure cyber security. As part of these efforts, Class NK will analyse the information collected from the cyber incident voluntary reporting scheme of PMA.
In 2018, a leading mark, a tower equipped with Sealite’s Port Entry Light (SL-PEL-10), was established at Puerto Mamonal, Colombia, to enhance the safety of vessel traffic approaching the port from the north channel.
Since the installation of Sealite’s Port Entry Light in 2018, it has helped Puerto Mamonal increase the number of large visiting vessels and provided safer operations in the approach to the port.
However, it was found that the north and south channels were in need of additional aids to navigation for safer passage.
Puerto Mamonal’s port owners, with the help of Ingeniería Naval & Señalización Marítima S A S, installed Sealite buoys: six SL-B2200 Nautilus Ocean Buoys in Region B channel configuration.
The SL-B2200 Nautilus is rotationally moulded using UV-stabilized virgin polyethylene to prevent discoloration from the sun’s UV rays. This is especially important in hotter climates. Each buoy is foam filled with closed-cell polyurethane which prevents water logging in the event of collision.
The buoy’s lightweight and two-piece modular design makes it easy to transport and assemble. Its strength lies in the stainless steel tie bars in the buoy body or hull structure connecting the lifting and mooring eyes. This ensures even lifting and mooring stresses at major stress points.