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New (NZ) TAIC Watchlist item Navigation in Pilotage Waters & Bridge Resource Management

New (NZ) TAIC Watchlist item Navigation in Pilotage Waters & Bridge Resource Management

Errors in navigation in pilotage waters around New Zealand carry the risk of serious consequences for people, the New Zealand environment, and the economy.

In New Zealand the Transport Accident Investigation Commission (TAIC) has recently inquired into several incidents where errors occurred due in part due to international standards for what should happen on the bridge of a ship not being met.

The Commission is sufficiently concerned with this problem to add it to the TAIC Watchlist.

Deficiencies in bridge resource management, an international standard for ensuring safe navigation of a ship, have been a feature of these incidents. Errors in navigation in pilotage waters have the potential to have serious consequences for people, the environment, and commerce.

Safe navigation of a ship through pilotage waters requires every part of a ship’s voyage to be planned, and for all members of the bridge team to have a common understanding of the plan.

In recently completed inquiries, the Commission found that bridge resource management did not meet international standards. These inquiries featured mis-

communication and a lack of common understanding among the bridge management team, and poor integration of pilots into the bridge team.

The Commission has made recommendations about improving standards of pilotage, improving standards of voyage planning, bridge resource management, and about the training and use of electronic chart display and information systems. These recommendations remain open.

International agencies have also identified pilotage as a safety issue.

For the full NZ TAIC Watchlist item readers are invited to see:

https://taic.org.nz/sites/default/files/page/documents/WL%202018%20Navigation%20in%20pilotage%20waters.pdf 

The TAIC Watchlist

The Commission’s Watchlist encourages regulators, operators, the Government – and the people involved in transport every day – to mitigate transport-related concerns which carry with them high potential social, economic or environmental risk; and systemic transport safety risks.

The common thread is poor application of an international standard for ensuring safe navigation of a ship otherwise bridge resource management.

Bridge resource management

Bridge resource management is the effective management and utilisation of all resources - human and technical - available to a bridge team, to help ensure the safe completion of the vessel’s voyage. This safety and error management tool has been crucial for crew training worldwide for a quarter of a century. It has the backing of the IMO.

Bridge resource management includes:

  • Maintaining situational awareness
  • Communicating to avoid misunderstanding
  • Shared understanding of a planned passage - everyone should know where the ship is going.
  • Responding well to challenge -- regardless of rank, personality or nationality.

What is more, everyone on the bridge must be able to challenge those in charge.

Failures in one or more of these areas have featured prominently in four inquiries completed by the Commission since November 2017

Inquiries that prompted this Watchlist item

A cruise ship contacted a submerged object near Snares Island in January 2017. The key issue was poor bridge resource management and operation of the ship’s ECDIS, the primary means of navigation. The Commission’s recommendations to the operator addressed voyage planning, bridge resource management, and ECDIS training.

For further details readers are invited to see here:

Four weeks later, the same cruise ship was entering Milford Sound at night. The pilot lost situational awareness and the ship struck a stony bank near the base of Mitre Peak. The bridge team was not making full use of the ship’s electronic navigation systems and when they noticed the ship was off track, they didn’t tell the pilot until it was too late. The Commission repeated recommendations from the previous inquiry.

A second cruise ship contacted Wheki Rock in Tory Channel in early 2016. The bridge team and the pilot had no shared understanding of the plan for the ship to make a crucial turn, or the influence the tide, and they did not properly monitor the ship’s progress. Recommendations about pilot training, and risk assessment for safe navigation of cruise ships through Tory Channel.

In a fourth recent report, a bulk carrier ran aground in Otago Harbour, again because of poor bridge resource management. The bridge team lost situational awareness. They had not adequately monitored the ship’s progress using all available means and the pilot and crew lacked a formal shared understanding of the passage plan and navigation equipment configuration.

Pilotage is an issue for international agencies as well. The TAIC’s peer organisation, the Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB) has placed maritime pilotage on their SafetyWatch, the equivalent publication to the Watchlist.

The series of recurring incidents involving standards of bridge management that do not meet industry standards, and the presence of the problem in other jurisdictions, suggests that this is a safety issue that needs attention from the regulator, operators, and training providers.

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Latest News & Events

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Worldwide, the IMB Piracy Reporting Centre (PRC) recorded 201 incidents of maritime piracy and armed robbery in 2018, up from 180 in 2017.

The Gulf of Guinea remains increasingly dangerous for seafarers. Reports of attacks in waters between the Ivory Coast and the Democratic Republic of Congo more than doubled in 2018, accounting for all six hijackings worldwide, 13 of the 18 ships fired upon, 130 of the 141 hostages taken globally, and 78 of 83 seafarers kidnapped for ransom.

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On 16 January the Danish Ministry of Industry, Business and Financial Affairs launched a new sectoral strategy for the shipping industry. This strategy is a part of the Danish government’s national strategy for cyber and information security.

​The strategy contains a number of initiatives aimed at strengthening IT security and preventing cyber threats in the maritime sector.

The objective of the strategy is to ensure that safety in Danish waters and on board Danish ships is not compromised by cyber attacks.

The responsibility for cyber and information security in the maritime sector lies with the Danish Maritime Authority. The new strategy covers navigational safety in Danish waters and safety on board Danish ships, including systems and software for operation, propulsion and navigation of the ship.

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The Grand Chancellor, Hobart
The 12th IHMA Congress, The Next Wave – Navigating Towards the Digital Future

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The International Harbour Masters’ Association 2020 Congress in Hobart, Australia will address the theme ‘The Next Wave – Navigating Towards the Digital Future‘

The IHMA invites you to submit your ideas, case studies and technical research via the online ‘Call for Papers’ athttp://www.globalportoperations.com/call-for-papers Deadline – 15 March 2019

The biennial IHMA congress provides a unique forum in which formal Association meetings are combined with a conference, extensive networking program and an exhibition – displaying equipment, services and technical developments relevant to the ports and harbour sector and providing both local and international sponsors and exhibitors with a unique marketing platform.

The 2020 IHMA Congress is an unparalleled opportunity for maritime businesses to showcase their services and for port marine professionals from around the world to network, share their experiences and update their professional knowledge.

Apply for membership of IHMA today to benefit from the IHMA Congress Members’ Discount 
http://www.harbourmaster.org/ihma-join-online.php

See attachment for dates and venues
Maritime and Cyber crime threat and risk mitigation workshop

Free to Attend – each event closing with a networking reception

Agenda

CSO Alliance will host a maritime security awareness brief aimed at enhancing risk awareness to security officials within the global maritime industry.while also providing a collaboration platform to debate related issues. There will also be an opportunity to learn more about the CSO, Maritime Cyber and our new Port Alliances. Agenda items include:

Regional threat update for West Africa, Indian Ocean and Asia/Far East

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Please join as your feedback helps shape our existing Alliances and the new PFSO Alliance.

Please confirm your attendance by emailing rsvp@csoalliance.com

Tel + 44 (0) 1296 325700 www.csoalliance.com

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Thursday 27 - Friday 28 June 2019

How and with who will the ship of the future communicate?

This is the question that industry, ship owners and managers, ports, nautical service providers, university and research projects will seek to answer in this biennial EHMC seminar.  The day will include live demonstrations of industry products and a visit by boat within the Port of Gothenburg that will also take us around the harbour area.

The host: Port of Gothenburg

The Swedish shipping industry has recently been labelled a role model for the global shipping community because of the work being done to reduce emissions.  The Port of Gothenburg is not only Sweden's, but moreover Scandinavia's most important gateway for goods, cruise and passengers.  The hinterland includes three capital cities - Oslo, Copenhagen and Stockholm and almost 3o per cent of Swedish foreign trade passes through the port.

For further details please contact the EHMC Secretary, romers.ehmc@harbourmaster.org

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Download includes
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Program in English - The full program for the Thursday and Friday 11 and 12 May 2017, EHMC seminar, Tanger Med

 

 

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Latest News & Events

IMB piracy report 2018: attacks multiply in the Gulf of Guinea IMB piracy report 2018: attacks multiply in the Gulf of Guinea

Piracy increased on the world’s seas in 2018, with a marked rise in attacks against ships and crews around West Africa, the International Chamber of… FIND OUT MORE

A new strategy for cyber security in the Danish maritime sector A new strategy for cyber security in the Danish maritime sector

On 16 January the Danish Ministry of Industry, Business and Financial Affairs launched a new sectoral strategy for the shipping industry. This strategy… FIND OUT MORE

Latest News & Events

Piracy increased on the world’s seas in 2018, with a marked rise in attacks against ships and crews around West Africa, the International Chamber of Commerce’s International Maritime Bureau’s (IMB) latest annual piracy report reveals. The document was issued jointly in London and Kuala Lumpur on 16 January.

Worldwide, the IMB Piracy Reporting Centre (PRC) recorded 201 incidents of maritime piracy and armed robbery in 2018, up from 180 in 2017.

The Gulf of Guinea remains increasingly dangerous for seafarers. Reports of attacks in waters between the Ivory Coast and the Democratic Republic of Congo more than doubled in 2018, accounting for all six hijackings worldwide, 13 of the 18 ships fired upon, 130 of the 141 hostages taken globally, and 78 of 83 seafarers kidnapped for ransom.

The region saw a significant new spike in violence in the last quarter of 2018. Vessels have been boarded by pirates well outside territorial waters, with crew kidnapped and taken into Nigeria where they are held for ransom.

On 16 January the Danish Ministry of Industry, Business and Financial Affairs launched a new sectoral strategy for the shipping industry. This strategy is a part of the Danish government’s national strategy for cyber and information security.

​The strategy contains a number of initiatives aimed at strengthening IT security and preventing cyber threats in the maritime sector.

The objective of the strategy is to ensure that safety in Danish waters and on board Danish ships is not compromised by cyber attacks.

The responsibility for cyber and information security in the maritime sector lies with the Danish Maritime Authority. The new strategy covers navigational safety in Danish waters and safety on board Danish ships, including systems and software for operation, propulsion and navigation of the ship.