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IMB piracy report 2018: attacks multiply in the Gulf of Guinea

IMB piracy report 2018: attacks multiply in the Gulf of Guinea

Piracy increased on the world’s seas in 2018, with a marked rise in attacks against ships and crews around West Africa, the International Chamber of Commerce’s International Maritime Bureau’s (IMB) latest annual piracy report reveals. The document was issued jointly in London and Kuala Lumpur on 16 January.

Worldwide, the IMB Piracy Reporting Centre (PRC) recorded 201 incidents of maritime piracy and armed robbery in 2018, up from 180 in 2017.

The Gulf of Guinea remains increasingly dangerous for seafarers. Reports of attacks in waters between the Ivory Coast and the Democratic Republic of Congo more than doubled in 2018, accounting for all six hijackings worldwide, 13 of the 18 ships fired upon, 130 of the 141 hostages taken globally, and 78 of 83 seafarers kidnapped for ransom.

The region saw a significant new spike in violence in the last quarter of 2018. Vessels have been boarded by pirates well outside territorial waters, with crew kidnapped and taken into Nigeria where they are held for ransom.

There is an urgent need for increased cooperation and sharing of intelligence between the Gulf of Guinea’s littoral states so that effective action can be taken against pirates, both at sea and on‐shore where their operations originate and end,’ an IMB spokesman said and continued: ‘There has been some improvement in the estimated number of unreported attacks in 2018 but at around 48% there is still a long way to go.’

Nigeria outlook

In the last three months of 2018, 41 kidnappings were recorded in waters off Nigeria alone. On 27 October 2018, 11 crew were kidnapped from a container vessel 70 nautical miles off Bonny Island, Nigeria. Two days later, Nigerian pirates in a speedboat hijacked a tanker underway 100 nautical miles off Point Noire, Congo. Eight of the 18 crew were kidnapped. These are just two recent examples of how armed criminals are reaching further out to sea and targeting a wider variety of ships: bulk carriers, container vessels and general cargo vessels in addition to local attacks on tankers, oil industry support vessels and fishing vessels.

Somali threat

Although no ships were hijacked in the region, pirates fired upon a suezmax tanker in the Gulf of Aden, as well as a product tanker and a capesize bulk carrier more than three hundred miles from the Somali coastline. IMB urges masters to continue to maintain high levels of vigilance when transiting these waters and to follow the latest BMP recommendations. This also highlights the requirement for the continued presence of the European Union and international navies around the Horn of Africa.

Indonesia improves

Patrols by the Indonesia Marine Police have seen the number of incidents drop for the third successive year. The majority of the 36 Indonesian reports were low level opportunistic thefts. Six crew however were taken hostage and threatened, indicating the need to be vigilant.

Malaysia

Attacks off Sabah, eastern Malaysia, continue to be a cause of concern with five crew from two fishing boats reported as kidnapped. Separately four attackers in a speedboat fired on a tug, and the master was shot in the leg.

Philippines

Ten incidents have been reported from the Philippine islands – down from 22 in 2017. Batangas anchorage accounts for five of these. In one attack, suspected militants fired upon a general cargo ship. The prompt action of the crew and the Philippine Coast Guard ensured the vessel’s safety, although a crewmember was injured by gunfire. The alerts broadcast by the PRC on behalf of the Philippine authorities provide valuable information to Masters and Chief Security Officers (CSO), helping deter militant attacks.

Reliable global anti‐piracy support

Since 1991, IMB’s 24‐hour manned Piracy Reporting Centre has provided the maritime industry, governments and response agencies with timely and transparent data on piracy and armed robbery incidents – received directly from the Master of the vessel or its owners. The IMB PRC’s prompt forwarding of reports and liaison with response agencies, its broadcasts to shipping via Inmarsat Safety Net Services and email alerts to CSOs, all provided free of charge, has helped the response against piracy and armed robbery and the security of seafarers, globally.

IMB continues to urge shipmasters and owners and other maritime interests to report all actual, attempted and suspected piracy and armed robbery incidents to the IMB PRC. This first step in the response chain is vital to ensuring that adequate resources are allocated by authorities to tackle this crime. As an independent, non‐commercial, and apolitical organization, IMB provides transparent statistics, which acts as a catalyst to achieve this goal.

About the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC)

The International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) is the world’s largest business organization with a network of over 6.5 million members in more than 130 countries. ICC works to promote international trade, responsible business conduct and a global approach to regulation through a unique mix of advocacy and standard setting activities—together with market-leading dispute resolution services. Members include many of the world’s largest companies, SMEs, business associations and local chambers of commerce.

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Hilton Canary Wharf Hotel in London

We are delighted to invite you to the inaugural Smart Ports Summit, taking place from 19 to 20 February 2019 at the Hilton Canary Wharf Hotel in London. This two-day summit will bring together key stakeholders from the entire supply chain to discuss how to integrate smarter operations across port and terminal activity, looking at all types of ports – from containers, tankers and dry cargo to passenger and crew facilities.
As a member of IHMA, you are entitled to an exclusive discount of 20% on the standard rate. To claim
your discount, use VIP code FKT3566IHMA at checkout.

Register here:
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Learn more about the event: http://bit.ly/SmartPorts-IHMA

Highlights from the agenda:

  • The drivers behind change and the biggest challenges ahead to digitalise ports
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Download the agenda: http://bit.ly/SmartPortsagenda-IHMA

Key speakers for 2019 include:

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Meet all the speakers: http://bit.ly/SmartPortsSpeakers-IHMA

Additional discounts:

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The CSO Alliance and Maritime Cyber Alliances provide ‘Security through Community’ enabling the maritime security community to submit incident reports and other information as well as collaborate in a secure environment about risks faced by the maritime industry. This can assist in delivery of a cost effective, threat-informed, risk-based approach.

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Tel + 44 (0) 1296 325700 www.csoalliance.com

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Dr Liam Fox MP, Secretary of State for International Trade, will give a keynote speech at the official launch of the UK Ports for International Trade campaign on Wednesday 17th October and an invitation has been extended to the maritime community. Readers who wish to attend are invited to inform the organisation by e-mail to: info@ukportsforinternaitonaltrade.com

UK Ports for International Trade is a new campaign led by businesses in the ports, maritime and logistics sectors - supported by the Department for International Trade. The campaign will be making a public case for the role international trade plays in driving growth and creating jobs in communities across Britain – and the integral role UK ports play in delivering that.

The campaign membership includes: Associated British Ports; the British Ports Association; UK Chamber of Shipping; UK Major Ports Group; PD Ports; Port of Dover; Belfast Harbour; Bristol Port; Forth Ports; Hutchison Ports; Maritime UK; Mersey Maritime; Milford Haven; P&O Ferries; Peel Ports; Port of London Authority; Port of Tyne; Rail Freight Group; Shoreham Port; UK Warehousing Association. 

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We have an unprecedented opportunity to transform our coastal communities 

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PORT OF GOTHENBURG

Thursday 27 - Friday 28 June 2019

How and with who will the ship of the future communicate?

This is the question that industry, ship owners and managers, ports, nautical service providers, university and research projects will seek to answer in this biennial EHMC seminar.  The day will include live demonstrations of industry products and a visit by boat within the Port of Gothenburg that will also take us around the harbour area.

The host: Port of Gothenburg

The Swedish shipping industry has recently been labelled a role model for the global shipping community because of the work being done to reduce emissions.  The Port of Gothenburg is not only Sweden's, but moreover Scandinavia's most important gateway for goods, cruise and passengers.  The hinterland includes three capital cities - Oslo, Copenhagen and Stockholm and almost 3o per cent of Swedish foreign trade passes through the port.

For further details please contact the EHMC Secretary, romers.ehmc@harbourmaster.org

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On 11 February the PAC published as evidence a National Audit Office memorandum titled:

The award of contracts for additional freight capacity on ferry services

The document is available here: www.parliament.uk/documents/commons-committees/public-accounts/Correspondence/2017-19/Memorandum%20for%20PAC%20-%20The%20award%20of%20contracts%20for%20ferry%20services.pdf 

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It was announced on 8 February that IMO has launched a new logo for its Women in Maritime programme, as part of its mission to support the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.

Programme lead Helen Buni said: ‘The IMO Women in Maritime programme supports the participation of women in both shore-based and sea-going posts, under the slogan Training-Visibility-Recognition’, through a wide range of gender-specific activities. The new logo is just one visible part of the programme and will help women in maritime gain more visibility and exposure throughout the maritime sector and beyond.’