Worldwide there are approximately 3,000 merchant ports and the work of the Harbour Master can vary widely from country to country and from port to port even within the same country.
A new IMO video puts the spotlight on how an IMO/EU initiative is helping cut maritime emissions in the Solomon Islands as part of a global project to help tackle climate change.
The illustration published here shows the new solar-powered LED lights erected in the port of Honiara, Solomon Islands. Their operation helps the port meet IMO maritime security requirements.
These lights are also an ideal example of how a global project, through regional centres, can help individual countries’ ports and shipping sectors improve energy efficiency, cut emissions and clean up local air quality. This was the approach outlined in a media briefing issued by IMO on 15 May.
The Maritime Technology Cooperation Centre (MTCC) Pacific is one of five regional centres established under the IMO-led Global MTCC Network (GMN) project. The Centre helped the Solomon Islands port carry out a full energy efficiency and emissions audit.
Eranda Kotelawala, CEO, Solomon Islands Port Authority, showed an IMO team around the port, where a series of emissions-cutting measures have been and are being implemented. These ranged from (i) solar-powered lights; (ii) weighing in motion systems so that diesel-powered trucks do not have to halt with engines idling and (iii) the repair of cracks in the road surface to helped cut emissions and improve air quality.
It has been estimated that savings of up to 75% can be made in the shipping and port industries by using existing technology and maybe considering changes in methods of operation used.
The ship operator’s saving
Simon Wame, a ship operator based in the Solomon Islands, told IMO that MTCC-Pacific was helping him to save money – and cut emissions – by supporting a data collection system.
He said: ‘Fuel is very expensive. If I can save money it will be a great advantage for me. We are collecting fuel consumption data on board our vessels and then we supply this fuel consumption data to the MTCC team. And then the team analyse the data; and they provide us with the technical recommendations on efficiency and fuel consumption.’
Another ship owner’s view
It is the same story for Joy Rurime, a shipowner/operator who heads a family business running one of the largest inter-island trading vessels in the Solomon Islands.
She told IMO: ‘The MTCC has given us a new opportunity to manage our operation efficiently - and also to look after the environment that we serve in.’
The fish processor
On the nearby island of New Georgia, the Port of Noro is an important tuna catching and canning centre. Glyn Joshua, Energy Efficiency Manager, Solomon Islands Port Authority, showed IMO where a new solar farm will be installed to power refrigerated containers, thereby saving energy and cutting emissions.
Five local GMN MTCCs
Tackling emissions at a local level is all part of the global GMN project, which is having similar impacts in all five regions where an IMO GMN Maritime Technology Cooperation Centre has been established.
MTCC Caribbean, for example, is coordinating regional efforts in two pilot projects: one to establish a baseline and cost/benefit analysis for different energy efficiency technologies and the other a system for collecting fuel consumption data. MTCC-Caribbean is hosted by University of Trinidad and Tobago, Trinidad and Tobago.
MTCC Latin America has organised several workshops, throughout the region, to help maritime authorities and other stakeholders fulfil their obligations under IMO's international regulations on energy efficiency. MTCC-Latin America, is hosted by International Maritime University of Panama, Panama.
At its 2019 AGM held in the Faroe Islands in week ending 15 June representatives of the world’s national shipowners’ associations reviewed the priorities of the global shipowners’ association, the International Chamber of Shipping (ICS).
Sadly, the ICS Annual General Meeting was overshadowed by the attacks against two oil tankers in the Gulf of Oman and the very serious threat this presents to the lives of seafarers and maritime trade.
Action on CO2 Reduction
ICS agreed a suite of actions in support of the UN International Maritime Organization (IMO) strategy to decarbonise international shipping in line with the United Nations 1.5 degree climate change goal.
Speaking from the Faroe Islands, ICS Chairman, Esben Poulsson (illustrated) said: ‘It is imperative that IMO Member States adopt a new global regulation to mandate further short term CO2 reduction measures at the next session of the Marine Environment Protection Committee in 2020. This should deliver further CO2 reductions by 2023 to help us meet the IMO target set for 2030. We will work with a broad coalition of governments to produce a comprehensive proposal that can be submitted to IMO in September this year.’
Pan-European multimodal service provider Samskip have indicated experience gained up to 31 March 2019 find it fully prepared for a North Sea container traffic surge, as attitudes harden in the run up to October’s revised UK Brexit deadline. (An illustration of Samskip’s traffic is provided here with thanks ©)
Europe’s largest multimodal transport group by freight volume reports that it expects UK exporters and importers to start switching away from trailers and towards containerisation, repeating a trend established in the run-up to the original deadline for Brexit of 31 March this year.
David Besseling, Samskip UK Trade Manager commented: ‘We saw a significant push in container volumes up to March 2019, especially into Hull, as decision-makers facing uncertainty opted for the reliability and proven procedures of container shipping. Concerns over supply chain security are fast re-emerging.’
Besseling reflected that stockpiling contributed to the earlier traffic surge, but added that the experience also confirmed robustness in new Hull-Ghent and Hull-Amsterdam links established by Samskip at the end of 2018. The services add to existing high-frequency connections between Rotterdam, Tilbury, Hull and Grangemouth.