Skip to main content

ATSB marine safety investigation - YM Efficiency

ATSB marine safety investigation

Loading in Taiwan

On the afternoon of 13 May 2018, YM Efficiency berthed at the port of Kaohsiung, Taiwan. About an hour after berthing, the loading of containers on board the ship commenced and just before midnight, cargo operations were completed. Shortly after, YM Efficiency departed Kaohsiung for Port Botany, NSW, Australia, with a maximum draft of about 12.6 metres aft. On departure, the ship’s passage was executed to achieve an expected time of arrival at the pilot station off Port Botany at noon on 1 June 2018.

Passage to Australia

During the passage south, the ship’s crew received regular weather forecasts and advice to assist voyage planning, as part of a commercial weather routeing service. By the afternoon of 29 May, the ship was off the coast of Brisbane, Queensland making good an average speed of about 9 knots. By this time, the ship’s crew had also begun to receive weather data broadcast by Australia’s Bureau of Meteorology (BoM).

By 0930 on 30 May, YM Efficiency was off the coast of NSW, about 32 NM to the north-east of Coffs Harbour. Weather forecast information received on board predicted steadily increasing winds and seas into the next day. Between 0930 and 1130 that morning, in preparation for the expected heavy weather, the chief officer was charged with carrying out checks in accordance with the ship’s heavy weather checklist. This included a check to ensure that container lashings on deck were secure, which was subsequently completed. By 1200, the ship was off Coffs Harbour with the weather recorded in the ship’s logbook as being WSWly winds at Force four (between 11 and 16 knots) with 3 metre seas and 2 metre swells.

At 1605 on 30 May, BoM issued coastal waters forecasts for the Macquarie and Hunter coasts of NSW. Both forecasts included gale warnings for the next day, 31 May, caused by a low-pressure system moving east over the Tasman Sea for the next few days.

By 1900 on 30 May, YM Efficiency was off Port Macquarie and the weather had deteriorated. The weather was recorded as being cloudy with west-south-westerly winds at force eight (between 34 and 40 knots) with 6 m seas and 5 m swells.

By 0800 the next morning, 31 May, the ship was about 32 NM ENE of Port Stephens. The weather was recorded as being cloudy with WSWly winds at Force eight (between 34 and 40 knots) with 7 metre seas and 5 metre swells. The ship’s main engine speed was set at 35 revolutions per minute (rpm), the equivalent of ‘slow ahead’. At about 0830, a second heavy weather checklist was completed, with the container lashings checked once again.

The incident

At about 1300 on 31 May, the ship received information that the pilot boarding time for the ship’s call at Port Botany had been delayed by eight hours to 2000 on 1 June. At about 1400, the ship’s main engine was stopped and the ship commenced drifting off the NSW coast, about 30 NM east of Newcastle. The weather at the time was recorded as being overcast with WSWly winds at Force eight (between 34 and 40 knots) with 6 metre seas and 5 metre swells.

The ship’s main engine was re-started for brief periods over the next few hours to maintain some control over the ship’s drift. The rough weather continued into the evening with the wind recorded as having increased to Force nine (between 41 and 47 knots) at 2200.

At about 2330, the ship’s main engine was started with the engine speed set to 35 rpm and the ship’s head was slowly brought around to the SW to resume the passage to Port Botany. At midnight, the third officer handed over the navigation watch to the second officer. By this time, the ship was on a heading of about 210° with a speed of about 4.3 knots. The weather at midnight was recorded as being overcast with WSWly winds at Force nine with 6 metre seas and 5 metre swells.

At about 0034 on 1 June, in a position about 16 NM ESE of Newcastle, the ship experienced a period of quick, heavy rolling for about 60 to 90 seconds. The rolling was estimated by the ship’s master as having reached angles of up to 30º to port and starboard. Shortly after the start of the rolling, several engineering alarms sounded and the main engine shut down with the rpm reducing to zero. The second officer reported hearing loud noises on deck and suspected that there had been some cargo damage. He turned on the ship’s deck lights and observed that containers had been damaged and possibly lost overboard from the bays aft of the accommodation.

By about 0036, the rolling had reduced and the ship’s motion had calmed. By this time, the master had arrived on the bridge and the chief engineer and second engineer had proceeded down to the engine room to assist the duty engineer with the main engine shutdown.

The master took over the navigation of the vessel and instructed the chief officer to conduct a damage assessment. At about 0040, the chief officer reported several containers damaged or lost overboard from bays 52 and 56, just aft of the accommodation.

At about 0045, the main engine was successfully re-started and the engine telegraph on the bridge was placed at ‘dead slow ahead’ and then, almost immediately, placed at ‘stop’ again. The ship continued to drift in the gale force winds and seas until about 0252, when the main engine was started and the ship resumed passage for Port Botany.

In the morning, the ship’s crew conducted more detailed damage assessments and attempted to stabilise the damaged and collapsed containers on deck. The container loss and damage was found to be limited to bays 52 and 56. The container loss was reported to the Australian Maritime Safety Authority (AMSA) who coordinated notifications to other involved stakeholders. AMSA also commenced modelling the drift of the lost containers and initiated safety broadcasts to warn shipping in the area of the hazard posed by the lost containers.

Over the next few days, AMSA, along with Roads and Maritime Services, NSW, continued to work with the ship’s owners and insurers to detect, identify and track containers and their contents on the NSW coast. Although there were a considerable number of damaged containers still on board the ship, no further containers were lost overboard after the container loss event on 1 June. The ship sustained damage to the gangway, superstructure and lashing bridges.

YM Efficiency eventually berthed in Port Botany at about 0936 on 6 June. Over the course of the following days, personnel representing several different stakeholders attended the ship including investigators from the ATSB, AMSA surveyors and the ship’s flag state, Liberia.

On 11 June, the first damaged container was discharged from the ship and by 21 June, all remaining damaged containers had been discharged. YM Efficiency departed Port Botany for Melbourne at about 2130 on 22 June.

Ongoing investigation

The investigation is continuing. The ATSB will follow any location and salvage efforts to identify any further evidence should it become available.

*Eastern Standard Time (EST): Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) + 10 hours.

   Picture caption

Damaged containers on bay 52 and bay 56 on board YM Efficiency

Photo: ATSB ©

Posted on: in:

Latest News & Events

On 11 February the PAC published as evidence a National Audit Office memorandum titled:

The award of contracts for additional freight capacity on ferry services

The document is available here: www.parliament.uk/documents/commons-committees/public-accounts/Correspondence/2017-19/Memorandum%20for%20PAC%20-%20The%20award%20of%20contracts%20for%20ferry%20services.pdf 

PAC Chair Meg Hillier MP commented: ‘The scrapping of the Seaborne contract, and the NAO review we have published today, raise serious issues which we will explore at our session on progress with Brexit preparations on Wednesday (13 February).

It was announced on 8 February that IMO has launched a new logo for its Women in Maritime programme, as part of its mission to support the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.

Programme lead Helen Buni said: ‘The IMO Women in Maritime programme supports the participation of women in both shore-based and sea-going posts, under the slogan Training-Visibility-Recognition’, through a wide range of gender-specific activities. The new logo is just one visible part of the programme and will help women in maritime gain more visibility and exposure throughout the maritime sector and beyond.’

Role of Harbour Master/ Port Operations Professional
Security
Port Call Optimisation
Ship image
Vessel Traffic Services
Safety
dock image
Emergency Management
Environment

Become a Member

Join the world’s premier professional body for harbour masters and receive up-to-date information on the industry and access to the members' area of the website.

Become a sponsor

Become a sponsor of the IHMA today and reap the benefits for your business:

  • Worldwide exposure
  • Prominence on the IHMA website
  • Instant access to your services and products for your existing and potential customers
  • Access to the key decision makers on marine operations in Ports – the Harbour Master
  • The opportunity to showcase your services and products at an international congress every two years

Be a part of the future of a vibrant, respected, professional and influential maritime organisation...IHMA

Download EHMC's Newsletter

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, ex vix insolens oportere accusamus, mea nulla aliquip virtute id, et commodo debitis voluptua mel. Vel ut doming scaevola, habemus gloriatur elaboraret ei pro.

Download archived

EHMC newsletter

Our Sponsors

Latest Events

Hilton Canary Wharf Hotel in London

We are delighted to invite you to the inaugural Smart Ports Summit, taking place from 19 to 20 February 2019 at the Hilton Canary Wharf Hotel in London. This two-day summit will bring together key stakeholders from the entire supply chain to discuss how to integrate smarter operations across port and terminal activity, looking at all types of ports – from containers, tankers and dry cargo to passenger and crew facilities.
As a member of IHMA, you are entitled to an exclusive discount of 20% on the standard rate. To claim
your discount, use VIP code FKT3566IHMA at checkout.

Register here:
http://bit.ly/SmartPortsbook-IHMA

Learn more about the event: http://bit.ly/SmartPorts-IHMA

Highlights from the agenda:

  • The drivers behind change and the biggest challenges ahead to digitalise ports
  • How to determine business critical processes that require digital applications
  • Adopting AI and predictive analytics to improve information flow
  • Specific challenges around container terminals, passenger ship ports and tanker terminals
  • Working towards optimising the supply chain and potential integration strategies
  • The latest cyber security threats and how to mitigate these risks
  • What will the port of the future look like and how will it impact and benefit other stakeholders
  • And plenty more

Download the agenda: http://bit.ly/SmartPortsagenda-IHMA

Key speakers for 2019 include:

  • Anton Rhodes, Project Officer, IMO
  • Richard Ballantyne, Chief Executive, British Ports Association
  • Sven Daniels, Director IT, Hamburg Port Consulting
  • Johan Gahstrom, Senior Marine Manager, Intertanko
  • Yoss Leclerc, Port Operations, Quebec Port Authority
  • Monica Swanson, Business Manager Digital Development, Port of Rotterdam

Meet all the speakers: http://bit.ly/SmartPortsSpeakers-IHMA

Additional discounts:

  1. Port authorities and terminal operators: 50% off the standard rate (paying only £799 + VAT)
  2. Shippers and shipowners can attend for free as VIP guests. For more information, please email Ellen at ellen.minshull@knect365.com.
The Grand Chancellor, Hobart
The 12th IHMA Congress, The Next Wave – Navigating Towards the Digital Future

The 12th IHMA Congress, The Next Wave – Navigating Towards the Digital Future

The International Harbour Masters’ Association 2020 Congress in Hobart, Australia will address the theme ‘The Next Wave – Navigating Towards the Digital Future‘

The IHMA invites you to submit your ideas, case studies and technical research via the online ‘Call for Papers’ athttp://www.globalportoperations.com/call-for-papers Deadline – 15 March 2019

The biennial IHMA congress provides a unique forum in which formal Association meetings are combined with a conference, extensive networking program and an exhibition – displaying equipment, services and technical developments relevant to the ports and harbour sector and providing both local and international sponsors and exhibitors with a unique marketing platform.

The 2020 IHMA Congress is an unparalleled opportunity for maritime businesses to showcase their services and for port marine professionals from around the world to network, share their experiences and update their professional knowledge.

Apply for membership of IHMA today to benefit from the IHMA Congress Members’ Discount 
http://www.harbourmaster.org/ihma-join-online.php

See attachment for dates and venues
Maritime and Cyber crime threat and risk mitigation workshop

Free to Attend – each event closing with a networking reception

Agenda

CSO Alliance will host a maritime security awareness brief aimed at enhancing risk awareness to security officials within the global maritime industry.while also providing a collaboration platform to debate related issues. There will also be an opportunity to learn more about the CSO, Maritime Cyber and our new Port Alliances. Agenda items include:

Regional threat update for West Africa, Indian Ocean and Asia/Far East

•  Information on successful ship boarding locations with a focus on stowaway issues

•  Awareness of cyber threat vectors and how the Maritime Cyber and other Alliances can play into crime reporting and sharing

• Port Security concerns and risk management

Open Floor Panel Discussion

Leading speakers:

• Mark Sutcliffe Managing Director CSO Alliance

• Harry Harper Director Ports & Maritime Chenega International Consulting

• Dr. Chris Henny Senior Technical Maritime Advisor Intelligence, Airbus

The CSO Alliance and Maritime Cyber Alliances provide ‘Security through Community’ enabling the maritime security community to submit incident reports and other information as well as collaborate in a secure environment about risks faced by the maritime industry. This can assist in delivery of a cost effective, threat-informed, risk-based approach.

Please join as your feedback helps shape our existing Alliances and the new PFSO Alliance.

Please confirm your attendance by emailing rsvp@csoalliance.com

Tel + 44 (0) 1296 325700 www.csoalliance.com

Trinity House, Tower Hill, London, EC3N 4DH
UK Ports for International Trade Launch Event

Dr Liam Fox MP, Secretary of State for International Trade, will give a keynote speech at the official launch of the UK Ports for International Trade campaign on Wednesday 17th October and an invitation has been extended to the maritime community. Readers who wish to attend are invited to inform the organisation by e-mail to: info@ukportsforinternaitonaltrade.com

UK Ports for International Trade is a new campaign led by businesses in the ports, maritime and logistics sectors - supported by the Department for International Trade. The campaign will be making a public case for the role international trade plays in driving growth and creating jobs in communities across Britain – and the integral role UK ports play in delivering that.

The campaign membership includes: Associated British Ports; the British Ports Association; UK Chamber of Shipping; UK Major Ports Group; PD Ports; Port of Dover; Belfast Harbour; Bristol Port; Forth Ports; Hutchison Ports; Maritime UK; Mersey Maritime; Milford Haven; P&O Ferries; Peel Ports; Port of London Authority; Port of Tyne; Rail Freight Group; Shoreham Port; UK Warehousing Association. 

Launch details:

Date: Wednesday 17th October

Time: 2:30 – 4pm

Venue: Trinity House, Tower Hill, London, EC3N 4DH 

We need to reimagine the UK’s coastal communities into a coastal powerhouse 

We have an unprecedented opportunity to transform our coastal communities 

UK ports ‘need to shout about the benefits of trade’ 
 

PORT OF GOTHENBURG

Thursday 27 - Friday 28 June 2019

How and with who will the ship of the future communicate?

This is the question that industry, ship owners and managers, ports, nautical service providers, university and research projects will seek to answer in this biennial EHMC seminar.  The day will include live demonstrations of industry products and a visit by boat within the Port of Gothenburg that will also take us around the harbour area.

The host: Port of Gothenburg

The Swedish shipping industry has recently been labelled a role model for the global shipping community because of the work being done to reduce emissions.  The Port of Gothenburg is not only Sweden's, but moreover Scandinavia's most important gateway for goods, cruise and passengers.  The hinterland includes three capital cities - Oslo, Copenhagen and Stockholm and almost 3o per cent of Swedish foreign trade passes through the port.

For further details please contact the EHMC Secretary, romers.ehmc@harbourmaster.org

This block is broken or missing. You may be missing content or you might need to enable the original module.

Download the IHMA Constitution

The IHMA constitution sets out the establishment of a region of the IHMA, the committee role and authority, its formation and management.

Latest News & Events

Women in Maritime IMO’s gender programme New logo to increase visibility for women in maritime

It was announced on 8 February that IMO has launched a new logo for its Women in Maritime programme, as part of its mission to support the United… FIND OUT MORE

Latest News & Events

On 11 February the PAC published as evidence a National Audit Office memorandum titled:

The award of contracts for additional freight capacity on ferry services

The document is available here: www.parliament.uk/documents/commons-committees/public-accounts/Correspondence/2017-19/Memorandum%20for%20PAC%20-%20The%20award%20of%20contracts%20for%20ferry%20services.pdf 

PAC Chair Meg Hillier MP commented: ‘The scrapping of the Seaborne contract, and the NAO review we have published today, raise serious issues which we will explore at our session on progress with Brexit preparations on Wednesday (13 February).

It was announced on 8 February that IMO has launched a new logo for its Women in Maritime programme, as part of its mission to support the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal 5: Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.

Programme lead Helen Buni said: ‘The IMO Women in Maritime programme supports the participation of women in both shore-based and sea-going posts, under the slogan Training-Visibility-Recognition’, through a wide range of gender-specific activities. The new logo is just one visible part of the programme and will help women in maritime gain more visibility and exposure throughout the maritime sector and beyond.’